Japanese Language and Culture

Vocabulary Lists

This page temporarily collects the old vocabulary-type materials I had on the previous site until I can revamp them.

Accumulated Vocabulary
Updated 12/15/02. File includes pitch accent markings in the readings.

Japanese Learning Database (Japanese.mdb)
(MS Access 2000 database)
Updated 12/15/02.

Phrases and Sentences 1
Phrases and Sentences 2
These are phrases and sentences collected mostly from unit I of the Pimsleur tape programs.

Vocabulary List Abbreviations

Accent Markings

Pitch accent markings are placed within the readings of each entry.

Japanese open quote (「) signifies the slight shift up in pitch after the first syllable of a word that isn't accented on the first syllable. It may occur elsewhere in a multi-word phrase. Japanese close quote (」) is placed after the accented syllable. The pitch should fall on the syllables following this mark.

Parts of Speech

[n] 普通名詞
【ふつうめいし】
common noun
[n-t] 時相名詞
【じそうめいし】
temporal (time) noun
[n-adv] fukushitekimeishi adverbial noun
[pn] pronoun (or noun used as such)
[prt] 助詞
【じょし】
particle, postposition
[adv] 副詞
【ふくし】
adverb
[adv-ni] Forms an adverbial phrase when followed by particle "ni"
[adj] 形容詞
【けいようし】
true adjective, i-adjective
[adj-na] / [an] 形容動詞
【けいようどうし】
adjectival noun, quasi-adjective, na-adjective
[adj-no] / [a-no] forms an adjectival meaning with particle "no"
[d-adj] 連体詞
【れんたいし】
demonstrative adjective, pre-noun adjectival
[v1] 一段動詞
【いちだんどうし】
1-step (type II) verb, ichidan verb
[v5] 五段動詞
【ごだんどうし】
5-step (type I) verb, godan verb;
letter marks ending syllable: s = su, k = ku, g = gu, etc.
Used in [v1] and [v5] verb entries:
* marks a godan which has some irregularities in conjugation, e.g. irregularly conjugating honorific verbs
-i 自動詞
【じどうし】
intransitive verb (no direct obj)
-t 他動詞
【たどうし】
transitive verb (direct obj)
 
[v*] 不規則動詞
【ふきそくどうし】
irregular verb
[vs] forms a verb when directly followed by "suru"
[vs-wo] forms a verb phrase as direct object of "wo suru".
[vs-s] Marks a special case of suru conjugation in which certain tenses are conjugated as if the verb were a godan ending in "su" (i.e. as if the "ru" on "suru" were removed).
[aux] auxiliary
[aux-v] 助動詞
【じょどうし】
補助動詞
【ほじょどうし】
auxiliary verb, subsidiary verb
[ttl] title
[ij] 感動詞
【かんどうし】
interjection
[conj] conjunction
[ques] question word
[pref] prefix
[n-pref] prefix which affixes to nouns
[suf] suffix
[n-suf] suffix which affixes to nouns
[v-suf] suffix which affixes to verbs
[onomot] onomotopoeic word
[phr] phrase
[exp] expression (usually idiomatic)
[?] not certain of part of speech



Other Markings

(masc) 男性語
【だんせいご】
masculine language
(fem) 女性語
【じょせいご】
feminine language
(o-) Usually or commonly prefixed with polite prefix "o".
(fam) familiar language (i.e. used with family and intimate friends)
(-san) Usually or commonly suffixed with "san", "sama", etc.
(vulg) vulgar
(X) rude or X-rated term
(col) colloquialism
(hon) 尊敬語
【そんけいご】
honorific language
(hum) 謙譲語
【けんじょうご】
humble language
(id) idiomatic
(pol) 丁寧語
【ていねいご】
polite language
(gikun) 義訓
【ぎくん】
A kanji compound read by meaning rather than actual kanji readings.
(ateji) 当て字
【あてじ】
A kanji compound composed of characters chosen for phonetic equivalence.

Copyright © 2010-2011 Collin McCulley. All Rights Reserved.

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