Japanese Language and Culture

Provisional

Production Rules:

Rule Meaning
Affirmative [え-stem] + ば
[e-stem] + ba
if X [does] / if X [is ~]
Negative [あ-stem] + なければ
[a-stem] + nakereba
if X doesn't [do] / if X [is not ~]

Inflection Examples:

Affirmative Negative
食べる
taberu (to eat)
食べれば
tabereba
食べなければ
tabenakereba
話す
hanasu (to speak)
話せば
hanaseba
話さなければ
hanasanakereba
歩く
aruku (to walk)
歩けば
arukeba
歩かなければ
arukanakereba
泳ぐ
oyogu (to swim)
泳げば
oyogeba
泳がなければ
oyoganakereba
呼ぶ
yobu (to call)
呼べば
yobeba
呼ばなければ
yobanakereba
飲む
nomu (to drink)
飲めば
nomeba
飲まなければ
nomanakereba
死ぬ
shinu (to die)
死ねば
shineba
死ななければ
shinanakereba
作る
tsukuru (to make)
作れば
tsukureba
作らなければ
tsukuranakereba
待つ
matsu (to wait)
待てば
mateba
待たなければ
matanakereba
洗う
arau (to wash)
洗えば
araeba
洗わなければ
arawanakereba

Irregulars:

Affirmative Negative
する
suru
(to do)
すれば
sureba
しなければ
shinakereba
くれば
kuru
(to come)
くれば
kureba
こなければ
konakereba

Usage Notes & Examples:

  1. Coming soon.

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