Japanese Language and Culture

Godan Verbs Ending in -iru / -eru

-eru

aseru to hurry
azakeru to ridicule
daberu to chatter
eru to carve
eru to choose
eru to ridicule
fukeru to be absorbed in
fuseru to hide, to lie in ambush
haberu to attend on
heru to humble oneself
heru to decrease
hineru to twist
hirugaeru to turn over, to wave
hoteru to feel hot
kaeru to return
kaeru to turn over
kaeru to be hatched
kageru to become cloudy
kakeru to soar
keru to kick
kuneru to be crooked
kutugaeru to be overturned
meru to decrease
neru to temper
neru to refine
neru to knead
nomeru to fall forward
numeru to be slippery
omoneru to flatter
seru to compete
seseru to pick, to play with
shaberu to talk, to chat
shigeru to grow thick
shikeru to be damp, to be moist
shimeru to be wet, to become wet
soberu to lie sprawled
suberu to slip
takeru to act violently
teru to shine
tsuneru to pinch
uneru to undulate
useru to root with the nose
yomigaeru to rise from the dead

-iru

aburagiru to be greasy
bibiru to be surprised
chigiru to pledge
chiru to scatter
dojiru to mess up
guchiru to grumble
hairu to enter
hashiru to run
hiru to winnow
hojiru to pick, to dig out
hotobashiru to gush, to spurt
ibiru to torment, to roast
ijiru to fiddle with
ikiru to become sultry
iru to boil down
iru to go in
iru to need
iru to roast
kagiru to limit
kajiru to knaw, to have a smattering of (knowledge)
kiru to become misty
kiru to cut
kishiru to become misty
kishiru to squeak, to creak
kojiru to gouge, to wrench
kubiru to grip, to strangle
kujiru to gouge, to scoop
mairu to come, to go (humble)
majiru to mingle
meiru to feel depressed
mikubiru to underrate, to belittle
minagiru to overflow
mogiru to wrench
mojiru to parody, to twist
mushiru to pluck, to pick, to tear
najiru to rebuke
nejiru to twist
nigiru to grasp
nijiru to edge forward
nonoshiru to abuse verbally
ochiiru to fall, to sink
omoiiru to ponder, to contemplate
omoikiru to resign to fate, to despair
sebiru to pester for
shiru to know
soshiru to slander
sujiru to wriggle
tagiru to seethe
tamagiru to be frightened
tobashiru to gush
tochiru to fumble
yajiru to jeer at
yogiru to pass by, to drop in
yojiru to twist, to distort
yokogiru to cross, to traverse

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